The Sneden Family

[This section is a work in progress. There may be genealogical errors. It is not meant to be a complete Snedenn Family Tree, rather portions relevant to the History of Rockleigh Borough. Corrections or clarifications are welcome:]
Much of the Sneden Family presented here has been provided courtesy of Sneden descendents:
  Pat Wardell, John Aitken Sneden, Jr., Janet Knox Fredrick, John Fredrick, Chris Sneden and Steven Austin, all Sneden descendents.

House Links    

Sneden Index

Elizabeth Sneden Beasley  
Samuel Beasley 
Albert Terhune Sneden  
Benjamin Sneden  
Clara Hugle Sneden  
Cornelia Ann Sneden  
Delphine Sneden  

Elizabeth Rudd Sneden  
Elizabeth Sneden, 1798-?
Elizabeth "Lizzie" Sneden
Harvey Towt Sneden  
Jacob Sneden (Sr)  
Jacob Sneden Jr, 1833-1891
John Sneden (Sr), 1738-1822
John Sneden Jr, 1770-1829
John Aitkin Sneden  
John Wesley Sneden  
Lawrence J Sneden  
Leonard Beasley Sneden  
Mollie Dobbs-Sneden  
Moses Taylor Sneden  
Nicholas Haring Sneden 
Percy Sneden  
Phebe Ann Sneden  
Robert Sneden (Sr)
Robert Newton Sneden
Robert Newton Sneden, Jr
Robert Newton Sneden III
Samuel Sneden (Sr)
Samuel S. Sneden (Jr)    
Samuel S. Sneden 1800-?
Samuel Watson Sneden  
William Sneden  


Sneden-Conklin House

Sneden House ("Roaring Brook Farm")

Moses Taylor Sneden House

Sneden-Happel House

Cornelia A. Sneden House site

Van Wickel-Moore House


Snedens Landing c.1858. Earliest painting of Robert Knox Sneden

Opposite Dobbs Ferry, Hudson River, NY, 1858.
Robert Knox Sneden
New York Historical Society.

"On 23 December 1657 Captain Jan Sudeich (Snedich/Snethen) (c.1640, Holland -1662, New Haarlem, NY) with his wife Grietje Jans (?-1662), their two children [Margreta 'Grietje' (c.1655-?) and Carsten Jansen (c.1657-?)] and his brother, Nicholas 'Claes' Sudeich (Snedich/Snethen) (c.1640- Dec 1677, Flushing, NY), set sail from the family home in Amsterdam, on De St. Jan Baptiste, under Captain Symon Claesen bound for the Dutch settlement of New Amstel (later called New Castle) on the Delaware River. 

"In 1660, Jan Sudeich (Snedich/Snethen), with his family, removed to Haarlem, where he occupied the house and bouwerie of Morris Pieterson until he secured an allotment of his own. It was thought that Jan and his family probably arrived in New Amsterdam in late January 1658.) According to the Genung Genealogy, Jan was one of the first permanent settlers at New Haarlem (now Harlem) in New York City. At the division of land, he received Lot 18, a strip of land a few rods wide running from about the foot of present East 109th Street northwesterly at about the southwest corner of Jefferson Park and across First, Second and Third Avenues to a place between Third and Lexington Avenues with an end facing northwest. The northern corner was probably at 117th Street, about a third of the block east of Lexington Avenue. The house probably stood at 115th or 116th Street. Jan Sneden died early in 1662. On 14 March 1662 Grietje was listed as 'widow of Jan Sneden' in a list of lands at New Harlem. By 25 March 1662, Grietje Jans had died and their property was sold at public auction by the magistrates. The house, land and growing grain were bought by Jacques Cossean (Jacques Couseau) for 135 guilders, while the household goods, sold to various persons, brought a total of 189 guilders. After settlement of the estate, 42 guilders remained to be divided between Jan's two children, Carsten Jansen and Margreta 'Grietje'. Philip Casier and Lubbert Gerritsen were appointed the childrens' guardians on 28 April 1662."*

"Grietje (c.1655-1721) married on 13 Aug 1662 in Flushing, NY, Jeremiah 'Jean' Gannung/Genung." They had a son Jeremiah (1671-1748).*

Carsten (c.1657-?) is thought to have married and had a son John.

* Courtesy of Pat Wardell

Nicholas 'Claes' Sudeich (Snedich/ Snethen) (c.1640, Amsterdam - Dec 1677, Flushing, NY), brother of Captain Jan Sudeich, married Maria 'Mary' -?- (c.1640, Holland - c.1683, Flushing, NY) and settled in New Amsterdam, then Flushing. In 1675, a Nicholas Snathan was taxed at Flushing for "2 landes, 10 madoes, 1 horses mares, 2 oxen and boles, 3 cows, 2-yereoldes, 2 yerlings. Bought 9 Oct 1675."

Nicholas Sudeich & Mary had 8 children:
    i. Joseph (?-post.1734, Salem, NJ) m. Rachel -?- (d. Salem, NJ),
   ii. Sarah (30 May 1663, New Amsterdam-?),
  iii. Maria/Mary,
  iv. Grietie,
   v. Samuel,
  vi. Nicholas, Jr (?- Mar 1715, NY) m. Dorothy Roots,
 vii. Robert (c.1676-1734), and
viii. Abigail (? in Flushing, NY-post.1734, Jericho, LI, NY) m. Garrett Albertson of Glen Cove, NY.*

* Courtesy of Norma (Snethen) Mueller

Robert Snedden (c.1676, Flushing, NY - Feb 1734, Eastchester, NY), son of Nicholas Snethen & Maria,  married Sarah -?- and settled in 1697 at Musketa Cove (Glen Cove), NY, before moving to Eastchester, NY, in 1713 where by a deed was filed on 1 December 1713:

"Richard Osburn of Eastchester, yeoman, and his wife, to Robert Snealling of Queens County on ye Island of Nassau, yeoman, [several tracts] in the Patent of Eastchester.

He purchased additional land at Eastchester from Isaac Odell, January 16, 1726, for £150. Robert Sneden was a prominent member of the Eastchester community.*

* Courtesy of Pat Wardell

Robert & Sarah and had children:
    i. Nicholas (?-?);
   ii. Elizabeth (c.1710-?) m. Loyalist John Fowler (c.1705, Flushing, NY -1768, East Chester, NY), son of Henry Fowler (c.1685, Flushing, NY - 1733, East Chester, NY) & Sarah -?-, and grandson of William Fowler & Mary Thorne both of Flushing.

 Children: David Fowler, John Fowler, Andrew Fowler, Joshua Fowler, Thomas Fowler, Abigail Fowler-Seacord, Jemima Fowler-Williams, Elizabeth Fowler-Crawford, Miriam Fowler-Baker];

  iii. Robert, Jr. (c.1710-1755);
  iv. Samuel (c.1715-1783) and
   v. Abigail (?-?) m. Joseph Winslow.*

1iii.        Robert Sneden, Jr. (2nd) (c.1710, NY - 1756, Snedens Landing, NY), son of Robert Snedden & Sarah, a captenter, received on 18 Jan 1734, the deed for his father's Eastchester land (Book G, p 171, "Robert Snedden Senr., yoeman, to son Robert Snedden Junr., caprenter, for consideration of £100"). Robert moved, circa 1740, to Rockland, NY, on the west side of the Hudson River where he settled to farm riverside land, apparently rented from Captain Corbett who held most of the Lockhart Patent. While a farmer, Robert operated the ferry with William Dobbs who resided at Willow Point or Wysquaqua on the east side of the river. The ferry had been started c.1698 by John Dobbs, Sr. and taken over c.1730 by his son, William.

Robert Sneden, Jr. married c.1740 Maria "Mollie" Dobbs (1709, Dobbs Ferry, NY- 31 Jan 1810, Palisades Cemetery) the daughter of John Dobbs, Sr. & 2nd wife Abigail and half-sister of William Dobbs (1706-?; son of John Dobbs & 1st wife Elizabeth Hyatt). Mary or "Molly" (Dobbs) Sneden supplemented her husband's callings of carpenter and farmer as ferry mistress at the Snedens side of Dobbs Ferry.

Robert Sneden & Mollie Dobbs had nine children:
    i. Abraham (1733 - c.1815); 
   ii. Charity (1734, Eastchester, NY -c.1766, Snedens Landing, NY);
  iii. Dennis (13 Nov 1735 - 1824, poss. Haverstraw, NY), boatman, never married lived with his mother in NYC ;
  iv. John "The Patriot" (1738-1822);
   v. Mary (28 May 1739 - ?) married at NYC on 7 Jun 1765 Samuel Lawrence (1722-?), son of Jonathan Lawrence & Mary Betts, and moved to Westchester Co, NY;
  vi. Robert Jr/3rd (c.1743-?), a river pilot for the British,  m. 28 May 1782 Miriam Fowler of Eastchester, NY, daughter of Eastchester, NY, Loyalist Thomas Fowler & Phebe Pinckney;
 vii. James/Jesper "Jesse" (?-?), mariner, m. Sarah Berrian;
viii. William (c.1745, Snedens Landing, NY - 18 Nov 1829, New Hanover County, NC) m. c. 1775 Hester LaForge (1749-?), emigrated to Nova Scotia in 1783, then to Hanover Co., North Carolina;
  ix. Samuel  (1750 - <1800). [1] 

[1] Alice M. Haagensen: "Palisades & Snedens Landing", p. 175-177,
Pilgrimage Publishing, Tarrytown, NY 1986.

Robert and Mollie undoubtedly lived at the landing by 1745 and ran a ferry - a map survey that year by Phillip Verplanck shows "Sneedings house the fferry", the former Corbett house.  [On October 9, 1769, the Commissioners appointed to settle the state boundary line placed it 79 chains and 27 links south of "Sneydon's house, formerly Corbet's."] On 28 July 1752, Robert Sneden Sr. for £250 purchased 120 acres of the Lockhart Patent from Mary Corbett Ludlow and Henry, her husband. This tract covered the former Corbett homestead, the ferry site, and adjoining land along the river. [Deed and Conveyence]

After the death of Robert in 1756, "Mary Sneden, Wido" received a license to operate a tavern at the ferry landing.* However, Abraham Dobbs, son of William, operated the ferry until 1759 when Mollie took over the ferry and the place became known as "Sneden's Landing". On 2 Jan 1763, Molly received a license " keep a Public House for entertaining of travelers and to sell by way of retail all sorts of strong Liquors in the house wherein the said Mary Sneden now dwells and out doors from the date hereof until the first of January next."*

* Howard Durie: Revolutionary War Days, Snedens Landing.
In Relics, Pascack Historical Soc, Park Ridge, NJ, Vol. 19, No 180, Nov 1975.

Shortly after the adoption of the Declaration of Independence, the family came under suspicion for refusing to sign the General Association Articles that had been put forth to declare allegiance to the cause of liberty. Named in a resolution approved by the Committee for Safety at a meeting held in Clark's Town on July 29, 1776, were Dennis Sneden, James (Jesse) Sneden, William Sneden, and Samuel Sneden. All suffered the consequences of being named Tories.

A Revolutionary order of the Orange County Committee reads: "Whereas Dennis Snyden, James Snyden. William Snyden and Samuel Snyden, all living at or near a place commonly called Snyden's or Dobbs Ferry on the west side of the Hudson's River in the County of Orange and State of New York, have refused to sign any or either of the Associations that have been put forth or recommended by our honorable convention; and as the above said persons are greatly suspected of carrying on a treasonable correspondence with our natural enemies or ships of war belonging to the King of Great Britain, lying in aforesaid river, by the great opportunity afforded them in the privilege they have by keeping the ferry: knowing the aforesaid persons to be inveterate enemies to the common Sates of America, Therefore Resolved, that the above Dennis Snyden, Jesse [sic] Snyden, William Snyden and Samuel Snyden are hereby forewarned not to keep ferry, or employ any other person to ferry in their room, or employ a craft on the aforesaid river, upon any pretense whatsoever, and all other persons are hereby forewarned against having any correspondence with the above said Snydens, or any other person or persons whatever that art in any degree enemies to the liberties of America. that are in any degree enemies to the Liberties of America. And whereas John Snyder [Sneden] is advertised in the public Gazette as pilot of the ships of war on the above said river, greatly to the damage of the said John Snyder, it is hereby requested that the said Printer shall insert Robert Snyden instead of John Snyder, who has always appeared to be a warm friend to the common cause of America." Per order of the Orange County Committee, Clarks Town, July 29, 1776

At the same time, however, Mary "Mollie" Sneden transported segments of the Continental Army across the River as well as Martha Washington in 1775 and Col Aaron Burr in 1779. After the Revolutionary War, Mollie moved to New York City where she lived with her son Dennis, leaving operation of the ferry to John "The Patriot" Sneden. Dennis and Mollie returned to the Landing about 1788 and settled into what became known as the "Mollie Sneden House" (14 Washington Spring Road), a square frame on the north side of the road immediately adjacent to the landing.  Some of the family continued to live in the vicinity of  the landing, others moved to the area known as Rockland in Harington Township, NJ. Family members who resided near the landing were referred to as the "Snedens of the landing", while those who lived to the west of the Palisades were called the "Snedens of the field." Mollie died  in 1810 and is buried in the Palisades (NY) Cemetery.

Mollie Sneden House
Headstone and Snedens Landing

2i.       Abraham Sneden (1733, Eastchester, NY- c.1815), boatman, m. 1st on 4 Nov 1759 at Presbyterian Church, NYC, Rachael Swarthout.

Children of Abraham and Rachel Swarthout include:
    i. Abigail (1762-?)

Abraham m. 2nd on 16 May 1763 in Stamford, CT, Susannah Knapp (1749-?), dau. of Benjamin Knapp (1704, Greenwich, CT - 1772, Orange Co, NY) and Mary Sussanah Miller.

Children of Abraham & Susannah Knapp include:
    i. Robert (1764-?),
   ii. Abraham, Jr (3 Mar 1767-?) m. Catherine Knapp (1765-2799).
  iii. Daniel (5 Jul 1769-1857, Conklin, NY),
  iv.Elizabeth (2 Mar 1768-7 Aug 1858, Hancock, NY). 

2iv.      John Sneden (Sr) (1738 - 1 Apr 1822), son of Robert Sneden, Jr. & Molly Dobbs, called "John the Patriot". He married 1st in on 25 Oct 1762 at New York Ellison Lawrence, daughter of patriot Jonathan Lawrence & Mary Betts. With Ellison Lawrence, John had three sons: i. Richard (died young), ii. Lawrence (? - 16 Nov 1842) m. Leah Martin and lived in the Joshua Martin House in Snedens Landing, and iii. John Sneden, Jr. (1770-1829).[1] 

[1] Alice M. Haagensen: "Palisades & Snedens Landing", p. 175-177,
Pilgrimage Publishing, Tarrytown, NY 1986.

John Sr. married 2nd c.1780 Margaret Ryken/Riker (1754-18 Nov 1828), daughter of Abraham Ryken (1721-1820) & Elisabeth Conklin  (1727-?). [see Riker Family]

With Margaret Riker, John had the following eight children:
  iv. George Washington Sneden (15 Apr 1781, Tappan RDC - 1865) m 21 Dec 1805 Rachel Bogert of Harrington, NJ,
   v. Elizabet (10 May 1783, Tappan RDC -9 Sep 1870) m. 10 Jan 1803 Leonard Benj. Rice, Capt. of vessel Vaartugg,
  vi. Richard (23 Nov 1785, Tappan RDC -?), mariner, m. Elizabeth Wood and lived in NYC
[Child: Samuel Warren m. Sarah Garrison of Brooklyn],
 vii. Mary "Polly" (18 Jul 1787, Tappan RDC -1867) m. 3 Dec 1802 Stephen Hagens of Tappan,
viii. Robert (16 Nov 1788, Tappan RDC -1874) m. Jane Crum (1788-1868),
  ix. Rachel (18 Dec 1790, Tappan RDC -?) m. 9 Nov 1811 Benjamin Gravestyne;
   x. Abraham (7 Dec 1792, Tappan RDC-1829),
  xi. William (5 Sep 1795, Tappan RDC -?).[1]

[1] Baptismal Records, RDC, Tappan, NY.

The Sneden brothers were Tories with the exceptions of possibly Abraham and certainly John Sr., who was a river pilot of American warships on the Hudson and "a warm friend to the common cause of America." About 1770 John Sneden built a clapboard house just up the road from Snedens Landing (35 Washington Spring Road, Watson House) on land subdivided upon the death of his father, Robert. The house is sited on the Erskine Revolutionary War Map, Number 10, of c. 1780. On 20 December 1788, John acquired additional Sneden lands at "Rockland" from his Tory brothers, William and Samuel, then of Shelburne, Nova Scotia. John Sneden's farm approximated 120 acres along lower Washington Spring Road and Lawrence Road.  

In 1818, John, Sr, sold for $1,200 a half acre with an 1800 stone house to the south of the ferry landing to son Robert and eighteen acres without structures for $4,000 on the north of the ferry landing to  John, Jr. John "The Patriot" operated the ferry from 1783 until his death in 1822. Upon John Sr's death, his widow, Margaret, continued to live in the house until she died in 1828.[1]  In 1859 John Sneden, Jr, preferring to remain at Tappan Slote, sold the house to Mary Watson from whom the house name (Watson House) derived.[2]

[1] Alice M. Haagensen: "Historic Houses of Palisades New York", p. 62-66,
Pilgrimage Publishing, Tarrytown, NY 2002.
[2] Alice M. Haagensen: "Palisades & Snedens Landing", p. 169-170,
Pilgrimage Publishing, Tarrytown, NY 1986.

3iii.     John "Boss" Sneden, Jr. (10 Aug 1770 - 18 Sep 1829), son of John Sr & Ellison Lawrence, married (Tappan DRC) on 28 Feb 1796  Phebe Gesner (15 Mar 1779 - 14 Jul 1857) of Nyack, daughter of boat-builder John Henry Gesner, Jr. & Annie (Antje) Onderdonk.

John Jr. & Phebe had nine children:
Samuel John (1797-1847);
   ii. Elison (1798-1884) m. 7 Sep 1816 at Tappan RDC Peter Westervelt and lived in the Mollie Sneden House until she died,
Lawrence J. (1800-1871),
  iv. Anna (18 Jul 1802-12 Jun 1876) m. 8 Jun 1825 at Tappan RDC John Waldron (1802 Tappan, NY - 1855 Palisades, NY) who ran a shipyard at Snedens Landing,
   v. John (1804-1826),
William (1807-1871),
 vii. Mahala (1809-1866), "an idiot",
viii. twins Emaline (1815-?) m. Dr. J.E. Smith of Nyack; and
  ix. Juliet (1815-?) m. John J. Lawrence of Sparkill.[1]

In 1820, on the site purchased two year previous from his father, John, Jr., built a large stone house at 8 Washington Spring Road. [It is possible that John, Jr., just renovated "Cheer Hall", the legendary home of Wm Merritt and subsequently John Corbett or rebuilt on the site of "Cheer Hall."] Boss Sneden operated a shipyard at Tappan Sloat (Bogertown) and for a time before 1820 maintained residence there. He also ran the ferry from 1822 until his death in 1829.  When he died, he left all his property to his wife, Phebe, who subsequently divided it among their children.[2]

[1] Alice M. Haagensen: "Palisades & Snedens Landing", p. 208-209,
Pilgrimage Publishing, Tarrytown, NY 1986.
[2] Alice M. Haagensen: "Palisades & Snedens Landing", p. 53, 57
Pilgrimage Publishing, Tarrytown, NY 1986.

 4i.    Samuel John Sneden (12 Jan 1797 in Piermont, NY - 28 Apr 1847 in Palisades, NY), son of John, Jr. "Boss" & Phebe Gesner, m. 19 Dec 1821 Maria Verbryck (17 Jun 1798 - 24 Jun 1867), dau of Samuel Gerrits/Gerritse Verbryck (1761 in Tappan, NY-1849 in Tappan, NY), Lt, Hackensack Co., New Jersey Militia, & Heyltje Remson (b.~1730, Old Brooklyn, NY).

Listed in the 1840 census, living in Orangetown, NY.

Samuel John Sneden & Phebe Gesner had children:
    i. Phebe Ann (5 Oct 1822-?),
   ii. Samuel Gerritsen (29 Oct 1824-dy),
  iii. Susanna (5 Dec 1826-?),
  iv. William (2 Jan 1828-?),
   v. Samuel Gerretson (10 Feb 1831-?),
 vii. John Lawrence (15 Sep 1833-?),
viii.  Mary Helen (23 Apr 1837-?).

4iii.      Lawrence J. "Capt. Larry" Sneden (3 Sep 1800, Tappan Landing - 30 Aug 1871, Rockland [Old Closter], Harrington Township, NJ), son of John, Jr. "Boss" & Phebe Gesner. Capt. Larry married in 1825 Nancy Tallman (16 Oct 1803, Old Closter - 1883, Old Closter [Rockleigh], NJ), dau. of Maj. Petrus "Peter" Harmanus Taulman (10 Nov 1757, Old Closter [Rockleigh], NJ - 16 Dec 1835) & Mary Neale (c.1764, Burlington, NJ - 29 Nov 1825, Rockland Co, NY) of Piermont.

Capt. Larry &Nancy had four children:
    i. Mary Neale (1826-1909),
   ii. Joseph Warren (1828-1859) m. Sarah Mansell,
  iii. Charles (1830-1833), and
  iv. Clara Hugle (1837-1913).

Initially, Capt. Larry and Nancy lived in his father's stone house to the north of the ferry. Larry ran the ferry between 1829-1869.[1]  At times, this house may have served as the ferry house, tavern and store. In 1834, Larry and Nancy would move to the older stone house to the south of the road and his brother, William, would occupy the northern stone house. [2]

Shortly after his father's death, Larry moved to the older stone house at the south side of  Snedens Landing (15 Washington Spring Road, Capt. Larry Sneden House) where he lived from 1834 -1870. Believed to have been built sometime between the end of the Revolutionary War and 1800 by John Sneden " the Patriot", this house initially passed to son Robert then, after a brief hiatus, to Capt. Larry Sneden when it became known as the Captain Larry Sneden House

*Maria Ferdon Journal - Part 1, Bergen County Historical Society.
[1] Ella Coates: Story of the Ferry,  m/s, Palisades Free Library, Palisades, NY
[2] Alice M. Haagensen: "Palisades & Snedens Landing", p. 169-170,
Pilgrimage Publishing, Tarrytown, NY 1986.
[3] Alice M. Haagensen: "Historic Houses of Palisades New York", p. 62-66,
Pilgrimage Publishing, Tarrytown, NY 2002.

"Wagons of farm and garden produce came from Closter, Tappan, Duncantown, Pascack, Kakiat, Kaskat and Kinnikamack and the surrounding country. A warehouse some 25 feet square stood by the river at the end of the public road. About the year 1850 Capt. Lawrence J. Sneden built a pier extending 500 feet into the river, wide enough for three wagons to pass abreast, with a T at the end towards the river to turn upon, to accommodate his perriaugers, and other craft. The wagons often stood in a line from the top of the the end of the pier waiting their turn to unload."*

* Ella Coates: Story of the Ferry,  m/s, Palisades Free Library, Palisades, NY

By the mid-1850's, Capt. Larry was piloting the steam boat Washington Irving between Nyack and New York City. Capt. At the time of his death in 1871, Capt. Larry and Nancy Taulman were living with their daughter and son-in-law, Clara and Jenkins Sloat, in the Haring-Corning House in Old Closter (Rockland/Rockleigh).* He left in his will to Jenkens Sloat and Clara Hugel Sneden-Sloat a substantial riverside portion of his lands in Snedens Landing.

5i.     Mary Neal Sneden (7 May 1826 - 24 Oct 1909), daughter of Capt. Larry & Nancy Tallman/Taulman, married 1st in 1847 Isaac Tallman (1823, Clarkstown, NY - 1853, died in train wreck).

Mary Neal & Isaac Tallman had daughter:
    i. Maria "Mary" Tallman-Coates (1853-1905)* who assumed her step-father's surname (see below) .


Engineer, Killed on the N.Y. & Erie R.R., whilst running the night express with Engine no. 37, caused by a rock laying on the track April 4, 1853, Aged 30 years, 3 months & 26 days

Epitaph, Palisades (NY) Cemetery


Mary Neal married 2nd in 1859 Capt. William Coates (1832- ?) who ran the ferry after Capt. Larry Sneden from 1871-1874 and again from 1886-1903.*

They had a daughter:  
ii. Ella Sneden Coates (1861-1949) who wrote "The Story of the Ferry", a local history of Snedens Landing.* Capt. and Mary Coates lived in the Captain Coates House at 47 Washington Spring Road in Snedens Landing until 1921.

* Ella Coates: Story of the Ferry,  m/s, Palisades Free Library, Palisades, NY

Clara Sneden Sloat

5iv.    Clara Hugle Sneden (10 Aug 1837, Snedens Landing - 13 Mar 1913 Norwood, NJ, buried in Palisades Cemetery) married on 25 Sep 1860 at the Palisades M. E. Church [1] Jenkins Sloat of Jersey City (10 Jan 1828, Port Richmond, SI - 1905 Norwood, buried in Palisades Cemetery).

Their children included:
    i. Charles Edwin Sloat (1865-1932),
   ii. Daisy Florence Sloat (1869-1910) and
  iii. Joseph Elting Sloat (1878-post 1930). [see Sloat Family]

[1]* Records of the Palisades M. E. Church. ms in Collection 
of the Palisades Free Library, Palisades, NY

[2] Alice M. Haagensen: "Palisades & Snedens Landing", p. 175-177,
Pilgrimage Publishing, Tarrytown, NY 1986.

Mrs Jenkins Sloat (nee Clara Hugle Sneden)

Photograph taken c.1890 most likely by Harvey Conklin
and provided courtesy of Jeffrey Sloat


4vi.    William Sneden (6 Jul 1807- 15 Jun 1871*), painter and surveyor, son of John, Jr. ("Boss") & Phebe Gesner, m. 27 Dec 1834 Margaret "Peggy" A. Conklin (1 Sep 1806- 1 Jun 1866), daughter of David Conklin & Phebe Conklin-Conklin and widow of John House. William and Peggy lived in the stone house built by his father, John "Boss", to the north side of  Sneden's Landing, becoming known as the William Sneden House.** [see Conklin Family]

* Maria Ferdon Journal - Part 1, Bergen County Historical Society.
** Alice M. Haagensen: "Palisades & Snedens Landing", p. 57,
Pilgrimage Publishing, Tarrytown, NY 1986.

Children included:
    i. John Newton (1838-?), blacksmith and ferryman, m. Martha (1842, Oswego, NY-?) by 1870 was living is Piermont, in 1880 was living in the William Sneden House and running the ferry between 1880-1886*. By 1886 John Newton was living in NYC;
   ii. Sherman (1838-1869);
  iii. Mary Frances (1844-1881) m. Henry P. Post (1842-1878) carpenter, son of Abraham J. Post & Euphemia Eliza Willsey, both of Palisades, NY
[Children: Sherman S. Post (c.1865-1888), Harry N. Post (c.1866-?), Arthur W. Post (c.1868-?), Charles H. Post (c.1871-?), Margretta Post (1873-1880), Lessie M. Post (c.1875-1879), Laura F. Post (c.1876-1889), William C. Post (c.1878-?)] ; and
  iv. Horton David (1841-1886), named after Peggy's brother-in-law. Painter and ferryman, he remained unmarried, resided in the William Sneden House house at the landing, and ran the ferry from 1875 to 1886.*

* Ella Coates: Story of the Ferry,  m/s, Palisades Free Library, Palisades, NY

The 1850 census for Orangetown, Rockland Co, NY, lists William Sneden (42, painter), Margaret (38), John N. (13), Sherman (11), Horton (9) , Mary F. (7) and Peggy's father, David Conklin (78)*. After the death of Peggy in 1866, William moved to the home of his niece and nephew, Clara Sneden and Jenkins Sloat in Rockland, NJ, confirmed in the 1870 census.***

*Maria Ferdon Journal - Part 1, Bergen County Historical Society.
** 1850 Federal Census, Orangetown, Rockland Co., NY, p  200.
*** 1870 Federal Census, Harrington Twp, Bergen Co.

2vii.   Samuel Sneden (Sr) (c.1750-1795), shipwright, ninth and last child of Robert Sneden & Mollie Dobbs, married c.1772  Mary -?- . [Mary's surname is not known. Possibly, she was Mary Fowler (c.1750, Eastchester, NY- bef. 1810 in Snedens Landing, NY) daughter of loyalist Capt. Jonathan Fowler (3 Sep 1713, East Chester, NY - 9 Feb 1784, East Chester, NY), supervisor of East Chester in 1757, & Ann E. Seymour/Symor (c.1721-1803 in Eastchester, NY. Samuel Sneden removed to Nova Scotia in 1783 with the Fowler family.] *

* Will of John Fowler, Esq., Samuel Sneden [of East Chester], executor.
New York City Wills 1766-1771, p.451. Proved 12 Dec 1769

With Mary, Samuel had at least two sons (possibly three) and a daughter:
Benjamin (c.1773 - 23 Sep 1842);
2nd Samuel (1777*-1863);
Maria/Mary "Polly" (1784, N.S.-?);
  iv. possibly another son born in Nova Scotia.

Samuel supported the Tory cause in 1776. He spent considerable time in East Chester, sharing political ideals with loyalists Capt., Jonathan Fowler and g-uncle Samuel Sneden (brother of Robert Sneeden [sic] of Eastchester). By this time, he likely had married Mary [likely Fowler, daughter of Jonathan]. Benjamin and Samuel, Jr, were likely born during this period. As a Tory, Samuel with his wife and children, and his brother, William, removed to Shelburne, Nova Scotia, in 1783 along with Jonathan Fowler of Eastchester and his family. In Nova Scotia, Mary and possibly another son were born. On 20 Dec 1788, Samuel sold his inherited share of Sneden lands at the Landing to his brother John "the Patriot".

On 23 May 1784, Samuel Sneden wrote to his mother, Mollie, from Shelburne, Nova Scotia, telling about "Little Sam Sneden, shoemaker" as well as the birth of a daughter, Mary, named after her mother and grandmother.*

* Alice M. Haagensen: "Palisades & Snedens Landing", p. 61, ,
Pilgrimage Publishing, Tarrytown, NY 1986.

Samuel, Sr, and his widow, Mary, returned to the Snedens Landing area of Rockland County, NY, and Bergen County, NJ, between 1791-1794 with their children - Benjamin, Samuel, and Mary. It had been assumed that Samuel may have died in Nova Scotia before 1790. However, a receipt signed by his son, Benjamin, confirms that Samuel did bring his family back to Snedens Landing area, that he and his sons were actively engaged in shipbuilding, and that Samuel Sneden, Sr. died in the fall of 1795.

"By 1795 Samuel and his two eldest sons, Benjamin and Samuel, had returned to New York. In that year, Samuel and his sons Benjamin and Samuel were engaged for about 6 months in building a sloop, the Success, in Westchester Co., NY at the mouth of the Croton River, for Philip Van Cortlandt and Jacob Acker. Also engaged in this work were Lawrence Sneden and John Sneden, Junr., probably the sons of John Sneden."* On 14 Nov 1795 Benjamin Sneden signed the following receipt:

"Received Novr. 14th. 1795. of Philip Van Cortlandt Twenty Five Pounds Inful for 21-1/2 Days work of my Father and 26 Days of my Brother and my Self before the Decease of my Father." [signed, Benj. Sneden] **

* Courtesy of Pat Wardell.

** Judd, Jacob. editor, Correspondence of the Van Cortlandt Family of Cortlandt
Manor 1815-1848, Tarrytown, NY, Sleepy Hollow Press, (Van Cortlandt Family
Papers, Vol. IV),  1981, p. 408-410

The 1800 census of Orangetown lists one Mary Sneden between the ages of 26-45, with two males ages 14-24, and one female age 14-24. [There is no other known Mary Sneden of the Landing Snedens at this time.] However, 2nd Samuel had married in 1795 and was living nearby in the Jacob Conklin household in what is now Rockleigh, NJ, which implies still another unmarried son. Mary is listed adjacent to the households of Dennis Sneden and John Sneden, her brothers-in-law, in Snedens Landing.*

* Alice M. Haagensen: "Palisades & Snedens Landing", p.175-177,
Pilgrimage Publishing, Tarrytown, NY 1986.
US census, 1800. New York,  Rockland, Orangetown.
 p. 1031 (image 207)

The 1810 census of Orangetown lists in the same location a Mary Myers with one male under 10, one female under 10, one female 16-25, and another female age 26-44.*

* US Census: New York, Rockland, Orangetown.  p. 637 (Image 174)

It appears that Mary, spouse of Samuel Sr., has died by 1810 before reaching the age of 61. Her daughter, Mary/Polly, would have been 26 in 1810. She had married John Myers in 1802 at the RDC Tappan, NY. The young female likely their daughter.

3ii.     Benjamin Sneden (c.1773 - 23 Sep 1842*), son of 1st Samuel Sneden & Mary, was a ship carpenter and builder in NYC. Married c.1805, wife unknown (?, poss. born PA - bef 1830).

Benjamin had children:
    i.. Sally Ann (c.1806 - >1843),
   ii. Benjamin, Jr. (1808-?), and
  iii. Samuel (c.1810-?), sail maker and ship carpenter. [1, 2] 

[1] Alice M. Haagensen: Palisades & Snedens Landing. p 175-176.
Pilgrimage Publishing, Tarrytown, NY, 1986.
[2] Nicholas Gesner Diaries, 1838-1843.
mm, Palisades Free Library, Palisades, NY 

The 1830 census lists Benjamin Sneden/Snidon: one male 5-20 [Samuel, 20], one male 40-50 [Benjamin, ~40], two females 15-20 [unknown], two females 20-30 [likely Sally Ann, 24, and unknown].* Benjamin Jr. had established his own household and is listed separately.

* 1830 census, New York, New York, Ward 7 

Circa 1830, Benjamin with sons Samuel and Benjamin Jr. started a shipyard in Williamsburg by Caylaer's Street, but initially lived at 735 Water Street, NYC, then at Corlear's Hook, NYC, then later  in Greenpoint.

"23 Sept 1842 - Benj. Sneden (ship carpenter, N.Y. City), died this morning...  His daughter, Sally Ann in N.Y...  His brother Sam and relatives here —  not one went to his funeral." *

* Nicholas Gesner Diaries: Entry for Sept. 23, 1842.
m/s Palisades Free Library, Palisades, NY

4ii.       Benjamin, Jr. (1808->1880) son of Benjamin, grocer and ship wright, m. 29 May 1828 Sarah C. White.*

Benjamin & Sarah White had children:
    i. Benjamin R. (1829-?), carpenter, m Mary --?-- (c.1829-?)
[Children: William, 8 (c.1852-?), Sarah, 5 (c.1855-?), David, 2 (c.1858-?), Jessie,  (1859-6 mo.)*];
   ii. Mary (1835-?),
  iii. David D. (1840-?);
  iv. James (1842-?).

*1860 US Census, New York, Kings, Brooklyn, Ward 17 (Greenpoint), page 920, Ancestry Image 120.

The 1830 census for New York, NY, lists Benjamin Sneden/Snidon, Jr: one male <5 [Benjamin R., 1], one male 20-30 [Benjamin Jr, 22], one female 20-30 [Sarah C, ~22].*

* 1830 census, New York, New York, Ward 7 

The 1860 census for Greenpoint, Kings Co, New York, lists Benj. [R] Sneden, 30, Carpenter, as head of household, Mary, 30,  William, 8, Sarah, 5, David, 2, James, 6 mo. Also listed is his brother in law, Eziekel Vandebilt (c.1834-c.1865), 26, carriage maker, Mary, 24, Leonetta, 4, Warren, 2, twins Martha & Mary.

*1860 US Census, New York, Kings, Brooklyn, Ward 17 (Greenpoint), page 920,
Ancestry Image 120.

The 1870 census for Richmond, SI, NY, lists Benjamin (64, ship wright), Sarah C. (62, keeping house), James (27, farm head), Harriett (26, wife at home), Edward (2), baby (1), living in Castleton, Tompkinsville, Richmond Co, NY.*

The 1880 census for Richmond, SI, NY, lists Benjamin (74, retired ship carpenter), Benjamin [R] (51, ship carpenter), and James (38, farmer), all living with David (40, ship carpenter) & Eliza (wife, 41, keeping house) in the Hamlet of New Springville, Northfield, Richmond Co, NY.*

* 1870 US Census, New York, Richmond,  page 174.
** 1880 US Census, New York, Richmond,  Dist. 305, page 46.

4iii.     Samuel (B) Sneden (c.1810 - pre 1890), son of Benjamin Sneden, had a sail loft at 23 Essex Street, Manhattan,* and later at 186 Front Street. He took over the Williamsburg shipyard upon the death of his father in 1842. Samuel married Susan J. Williams (1822-?), dau. of Greenpoint shipbuilder Jabez Williams (1790-?) & Ann --?-- (1800-?).*

Children of Samuel B. & Susan Williams include:
    i. Charles L. (1843-?),
   ii. Anna C. (1849-?).

In January, 1843, Nicholas Gesner wrote of staying with Samuel Sneden in New York on the business of his father's will.**

* Manhattan Directory, 1829-1830, page 525
**Nicholas Gesner Diaries: Entry for Jan, 1843.
m/s Palisades Free Library, Palisades, NY
in Alice M. Haagensen: Palisades & Snedens Landing. p. 176.
Pilgrimage Publishing, Tarrytown, NY, 1986.

With Jonathan Lawrence 4th, of Snedens landing, who had joined the Sneden yard in 1838, they formed the Lawrence & Sneden Shipyard.  The shipyard drew many workers from the Rockland area, including Snedens and Gesners.[2] Initially, the yard turned out small to moderate wooden boats, Soon, the Lawrence & Sneden Shipyard was building paddle wheelers: the first Highlander in 1835, Arrow in 1837, Thomas Powell in 1846.[3]  The side-wheel steamer Tah Wah was built by Sneden and Lawrence then sent to China "knocked-down" in ships to be re-built in Hong Kong. In 1842, Jonathan Lawrence left the partnership, returning to Rockland.[2]  It is noteworthy that as the age of sail was about to decline, Samuel Sneden was shifting from sail-making to steam powered ships.

In 1847. Samuel Sneden became a member of General Society of Mechanics and Tradesmen of New York City.

In 1850, Samuel Sneden moved the shipyard to Williamsburg, NY, on the banks of Newtown Creek where he built City of Hartford, 1852, Granite State in 1853, and the famous Chauncey Vibbard which ran on the Albany route from 1864 to 1902.[3]  By 1855 Sneden had built the Grand Republic, the largest wooden steamboat ever launched,[4] and, in 1857-1859, the screw steamers Dawn and Daylight for the US Navy, both serving with the USN South Atlantic Blockade Squadron.[5] 

Forging a partnership with Thomas Fitch Rowland in the late 1850s, the yard was turning out large iron steamships as well as the steel tubes that would make up the Croton Aqueduct.

Notice in the New York Times, 24 Sep 1859, p. 7 -- Notice is Hereby Given that Samuel Sneden and Thomas F. Rowland have entered into a limited co-partnership, under the name and firm of Samuel Sneden & Co., for the purpose of building iron and wooden vessels of every description, and the purchase and sale of timber, iron, and other materials legitimately belonging to and forming a part of said business-- the co-partnership commencing Sep. 21, 1859, and expiring May 1, 1864. Samuel Sneden. Thomas F. Rowland. Greenpoint, N.Y., Sept. 22, 1859.

In 1859, the Sneden Shipyard became the Continental Iron Works and Sneden launched the RR Cuyler which served initially on the New York-Havana run, but at the opening of the Civil War, was taken over by the US Navy to blockade gulf ports. By 1861, Cointgental had contracted to build the revolutionary naval ironclad, Monitor, launched at Bushwick Creek.[6]  Several other ironclads followed. However, by 1860 Rowland, whose interests had turned toward structural ironworks rather than shipbuilding, ended the partnership with Samuel Sneden.

[1] Alice M. Haagensen: Palisades & Snedens Landing. p 175-176.
Pilgrimage Publishing, Tarrytown, NY, 1986.

[2] Nicholas Gesner Diaries, 1838-1843.
mm, Palisades Free Library, Palisades, NY 

[3] Fred Irving Dayton: Steamboat Days. Chapter 19.
m/s, Hudson River Maritime Museum. 1999.

[4] Gary E. Eddey: Carnes and Alfred Eddey: Shipwrights in Greenpoint,
1999. The Point.

[5] Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships
US Government publication

[6] A Monitor Biography: Thomas Fitch Rowland. The Mariners Museum.


The 1860 census, lists Samuel (44, Shipbuilder) and his family residing in Greenpoint with wife Susan (38), and Charles (17) and Anna (11).

"Just beyond the woods on the site of Mr. Samuel Sneeden’s late residence (Colyer near and east of Washington Street)...." —Stiles, "History of Brooklyn", Vol. II, p 408.

By 1869, Samuel Sneden, occupation "ships" at the foot of East 12th Street, was living at 231 East 19th Street, NYC.**

The 1870 census lists Samuel Sneeden (55, shipbuilder), in Chester, PA, with Susan J. (47), Charles L. (27, shipbuilder), Anna C. (21). [Poss. employed by the John Roach & Sons Shipyard.]

The 1880 census lists, Samuel Sneeden (67, ship builder) on Pacific Street in Brooklyn with wife Susan J. (56), and Charles (37, Freight Agent) as well as William Brauenlich (43, Jeweler, b.~1837, Germany), Anna (33, wife), Arthur (12), Robert (10), Ella (7), Fredrick (5).

By 1887, Charles L., freight agent, is listed in the Orange, NJ, Directory as living in South Orange, NJ. Samuel Sneden, steamboat builder, is listed as living with him in in South Orange, NJ.*****

* 1860 Census, New York, Kings Co, Greenpoint, page 926, Image 126.
** New York City Directory, 1869, page 
*** 1870 census, PA, Delaware Co, Chester North Ward, Dist 197, Image 93
**** 1880 census, New York, Kings, Brooklyn, Dist 221, image 21.
*****1897-1890 South Orange, NJ, Directory.

3ii.      2nd Samuel S. Sneden (17 Apr 1777*, NY - 10 Oct 1863, Palisades, NY, Cemetery), son of Samuel, Sr. & Mary, married on 8 Sep 1796 Elizabeth Conklin (13 Jan 1778*, bap. RDC Schraalenburgh, NJ - 7 Oct 1848**, from consumption), daughter of Jacob Conklin, Jr. & Elizabeth Gesner).  The 2nd Samuel Sneden and Elizabeth started the family branch  "Snedens of the field".

Children of Samuel Sneden & Elizabeth Conklin included:
    i. Jacob (1796-1862),
   ii. Elizabeth (1798-?),
  iii. Samuel S. (1800-1877),
  iv. Phebe Ann (1804-1863).*** 

* From Family Bible of R. Newton and Catherine Sneden 
Courtesy of John Knox Fredrick
** Bergen County Vital Records, Trenton, NJ
*** Genealogy of Nicholas Gesner, Copy of Samuel S. Sneden.
(ms, undated, in possession of  Stephen Austin)

About the time they married in 1796, Samuel and Elizabeth moved into the former homestead of father-in-law (the Jacob Conklin House or Conklin-Sneden House) on the west side of Snedens Landing Road (Rockleigh Road). 

Conklin-Sneden House As a carpenter, Samuel added a new sandstone house to the original small frame structure. Likely he had the help of Jack Earnest, his father-in-law's black slave. The new dwelling was built in the Dutch Colonial style of architecture and sheltered his descendents for several generations. The house became known as the Samuel Sneden House (Conklin-Sneden House). By the time that his son Jacob was born on November 27, 1796, Samuel Sneden had become a farmer. 

He was listed in the Harington Township, Bergen County, NJ tax list in 1802; in the 1804 list he was assessed for 40 acres, 2 horses and 2 cattle.

On 13 March 1826 Samuel Sneden added to his real estate by purchasing 10+ acres in Harington Township from George Clinton Post and his wife, Susan Post, (recorded Hackensack, W2: 190). This land had previously been sold by Thomas Ludlow and Mary, his wife, to Abraham Post, who devised it in his will to his son, George Clinton Post.

When Jacob Conklin, Jr. died in 1827, he devised* to his daughter Elizabeth Conklin-Sneden " old homestead farm..." [Conklin-Sneden House and 50 acres of land] on the west side of Sneden Landing Road and appointed grandson Jacob "Sneding" and friend John D. Haring executors. The will was witnessed by Peter Riker, Jacob Riker, and Jacob D. Haring.

*Will dated 2 March 1826 and proved 5 March 1827. Will Book C-180 (Hackensack, NJ)

In 1828 or shortly after the death of 2nd John Riker, Samuel Sneden appears to have purchased from Jacob Ryker approximately 50 acres of Ryker homestead lands on the east side of Sneden Landing Road. These were the lands originally of Gerardus Ryker and subsequently of 2nd John Riker, then Jacob Riker - the Gerardus Riker House.

The 1830 Federal Census, Harrington Township, lists Samuel "Sneathen" just after the households of his sons, Jacob and Samuel. Samuel (age 53)  One male was listed as between 50-60 years of age (Samuel, 53) , with 2 females, one of between 50-60 (Elizabeth, 52) and one between 10-15 (poss. Julia Ann, 7)

The 1840 Harington Township census lists Samuel Sneden (65) in the Conklin-Sneden House as head of household: one male 30-40 (Samuel S.), one male 60-70 (Samuel), one female 30-40 (Maria Onderdonk), one female 60-70 (1st Elizabeth). 

On 22 September 1848, Samuel and Elizabeth (who would die within a year) transferred the Conklin-Sneden homestead to two of their children, youngest Samuel S. Sneden and Elizabeth Sneden-Beasley. (Samuel Sneden, Jr. signed documents with an X mark, but his wife, Elizabeth, wrote her signature on documents.) Samuel S. and Elizabeth each received for $500 an individual deed which divided the property on the west side of Snedens Landing Road. Samuel S. received the southern 24-acre portion and sister Elizabeth the northern 23-acre portion. The boundary passed through the front door of the house so that ownership of the house was shared between them.** 

On the same day, Jacob purchased from his parents for $500 the 25 acres of former Riker land on the east side of Sneden Landing Road - likely the Geradus Ryker House.*  About the same time, Jacob's sister, Phebe Ann Sneden-Moore, purchased from her parents, Samuel and Elizabeth, approximately 25 acres on the east side of Snedens Landing Road just north of the current Borough Hall.*** 

*Deed Book Q5, p 599, 629 Hackensack, NJ)
**Reginald McMahon: "A History of the Jacob Conklin House, Rockleigh, NJ" 1977
m/s Bergen County Historical Society, River Edge, NJ.
***Deed Book S5, p. 24 (Hackensack, NJ) 

In 1848, after the death of his wife Elizabeth, Samuel Sneden moved into the household of his youngest daughter, Phebe Ann Sneden-Moore, in the Van Wickel-Moore House

The 1850 Census lists Samuel Sneden, 75, as head of household living with the family of his son-in-law and youngest daughter, John and Phebe Ann Sneden-Moore, in Harrington Township (Dwelling 1166, Family 1281), likely the Van Wickel-Moore House

In the 1860 Census, Bergen County, Harrington Township, Samuel Sneden (gentleman, 82) was listed as head of the Moore household - Van Wickel-Moore House - (House 944; Family 987) and living with him are grandson Jacob S. Moore  {Carpenter, 30), Mary C. Moore (Jacob's wife, 23), and Samuel Moore (farm helper, 17).*

*1860 Federal Census, Harrington Township, Bergen Co, NJ. p. 121

Sometime after the 1860 census, Samuel moved to Orangetown, NY, likely to the house of daughter, Phebe Van Wickel in Palisades, where he died in 1863. A notation before the will* entry at New City states that Samuel S. Sneden, then eldest surviving male, made application for probate of his father's will, and that there was no surviving widow. Jacob, the first son, had died the year before. Since the property had been dispersed in 1848, only personal inventory was mentioned. The 2nd Samuel Sneden and Elizabeth are buried in the Palisades, NY, Cemetery.

4i.      Jacob Sneden (27 Nov 1796, Rockland, NJ* - 23 May 1862, of liver disease, Rockland, NJ, Palisades Cem., Palisades, NY**), son of 2nd Samuel Sneden & Elizabeth Conklin, married 26 Sep 1827 Cornelia Ann Rudd (4 Oct 1805, New York City - 15 Mar 1901, Rockland, Harrington Twp, Bergen Co, NJ, Palisades Cem, Palisades, NY), daughter of Samuel Rudd (3 Nov 1772 in Norwich, CT - 13 Mar 1823 in Leyden, NY) & Cornelia Hartley Towt (25 Dec 1779 in Morristown, NJ- 16 Sep 1806 in NY, NY). The marriage took place at the residence of Moses Taylor, Jr. Cornelia Hartley Towt and Mary Towt, first wife of Moses Taylor, Jr, were sisters and Moses Taylor, Jr. was, therefore, Cornelia Ann Rudd's uncle. Cornelia Ann Rudd came from a family that valued education. Her father received a degree from Yale University and founded Leyden College; she graduated (in 1823?) from the Manhattan Ladies Seminary, corner Greenwich and Vesey Streets.

* From Family Bible of R. Newton and Catherine Sneden 
Courtesy of John Knox Fredrick
**Register of Deaths in Township of Harring, County of Bergen, State of New Jersey 
for the year ending June 1st, 1862. Years 1848-1879, Vol B, Roll #2, p. 466

Children of Jacob Sneden & Cornelia Rudd included:***
Elizabeth Rudd  (1828 - 1886),
Cornelia Ann (1831-1854),
2nd Jacob (1833-?),
Moses Taylor (1835-?) named after Cornelia's uncle and illustrious neighbor down the road,
Robert Newton (1840-1899),
Samuel Watson (1843-1892), store clerk;
Leonard Beasley (1846-1944), 
John Wesley (1848-?).

*** Genealogy of Nicholas Gesner, Copy of Samuel S. Sneden.
(ms, undated, in possession of  Stephen Austin)

Conklin-Sneden House

Following their marriage in 1827, Jacob and Cornelia resided in the Conklin-Sneden Homestead for about one year* while he was schoolmaster in the first school established in Palisades, New York, at the northeast corner of the Willsey property on Closter Road, just north of the Nicholas Gesner House.**  By 1829 they had taken up residence in the Gerardus Riker House across the road, that had been purchased by his father, Samuel Sneden, a year earlier.

On 22 September 1848, Jacob Sneden purchased from his parents for $500 the 25 acres of former Riker land on the east side of Sneden Landing Road - likely the Geradus Ryker House.***

He held the position of Palisades Schoolmaster until 1832, whereupon he moved to Brooklyn, living with Cornelia in a house he purchased on District Street "Old Brooklyn". Jacob is listed as a Schoolmaster in the Brooklyn Directory of that period. In 1835, he sold his Brooklyn property and returned to the Gerardus Riker House.****

* "An Interview with Cornelia A. Rudd."  Englewood Press, 6 Mar 1893
** W.S. Gilman: Palisades Notes. p. 180.
m/s, Palisades Free Library, Palisades, NY
*** Deed Book Q5, p 599, 629 Hackensack, NJ)
****Reginald McMahon: "A History of the Jacob Conklin House, Rockleigh, NJ" 1977
m/s Bergen County Historical Society, River Edge, NJ.

On 7 June 1830 Jacob purchased about an acre and a half of land to the north of the present parsonage of the Presbyterian Church in Palisades. He sold it to Frederick W. Carmman on 8 April 1835.*

*Winthrop S. Gilman: "Local History", ms 22E, 13 Oct 1898. Palisades Free Library

In the 1830 Census for Harrington Township, "Jacob Sneathen" is listed, aged between 30 and 40. His family in that  census consists of one female under 5 years of age [Elizabeth Rudd], and one female between 20 and 30 [Cornelia Ann Rudd Sneden]. Listed just before Jacob Sneden was Jacob Riker; listed just after him was Samuel Sneathen, aged 30-40, with 2 males under 5 [Leonard, Jacob S.], 1 female 20-30 [Elizabeth], 1 female under 5 [Elizabeth], and 1 female 5-10 [Sarah Ann]; and then another Samuel Sneathen (with the "Samuel" crossed out and "Francis" written in above it), aged 50-60 [2nd Samuel], with a female 50-60 [Elizabeth Conklin Sneden], and a female 10-15. The listing again places Jacob & Cornelia in the Gerardus Riker House.

In 1848, Samuel & Elizabeth Sneden subdivided their property among their grown children. Jacob purchased from his parents for $500 the 25 acres of former 2nd John Riker land on the east side of Sneden Landing Road - the location where he apparently was living since 1835 - the Geradus Ryker House.*  About the same time, Jacob's sister, Phebe Ann Sneden-Moore, purchased from her parents, Samuel and Elizabeth, approximately 25 acres on the east side of Snedens Landing Road just north of the current Borough Hall. The land on the west side of Snedens Landing Road was divided between sister, Elizabeth Beasley (23 acres), and brother, Samuel S. (24 acres). The subdivision passed along the center hallway of the Conklin-Sneden House.**

*Deed Book S5, p. 24 (Hackensack, NJ) 
**Deed Book S5, p. 24 (Hackensack, NJ) 

The 1860 census, list Jacob Sneden (63, Farmer, b. Bergen County, NJ), and his wife, Cornelia A. Sneden (53, b. NYC). Listed with  them are their children (all b. Bergen County, NJ): Newton Sneden,  19; Watson Sneden, 16; Leonard Sneden, 13; and John Wesley Sneden, 10.  Also listed with the Jacob Sneden family in the 1860 census is "Francis Sneden" (who is probably Alfred Francis Weyant, their grandson who died 23 Dec 1863). Again, the census places Jacob Sneden at the Geradus Riuker House, between John D. Conklin in the Riker-Mabie-Conklin-Sneden House (immediately to the south on the same side of the road) and Jacob Riker in the Abraham Riker House (to the south on the west side of the road).  Jacob is not listed with the family in the 1870 census.*

*1860 Federal census, Harrington Township, Bergen Co., NJ. page 123.

Cornelia Ann Rudd Sneden
Courtesy of John A. Sneden, Jr.

The Hopkins-Corey Map of 1861 mistakenly documents the presence of Jacob Sneden at the Conklin-Sneden House, even through his younger brother, Samuel S., and sister Elizabeth Beasley were owners of record of the Conklin-Sneden House

At his death on 23 May 1862 at the Gerardus Riker House, Jacob left a personal estate of $327.50, which included cattle, horses, fowl, farm utensils, furniture and some books.* His will**, dated 12 May 1862 and witnessed by Moses J. Taylor, Joseph Dubois and Abraham Riker, is recorded at Hackensack, N.J.* In his will, he leaves all personal property to his wife, Cornelia Ann Sneden, and the real property as long as she remains a widow. At her marriage or death, then to all his children, share and share alike. She is named executor. He goes on to say:

"I do hereby authorize and empower my said wife to sell and convey and give good title for the same, as much of my mountain land lying separate from the homestead farm and at a place commonly known as Turkey Ridge [lot #7, 10¼ acres from Samuel Sneden, 1802], as may be necessary to build a house for my said wife on the other portion of my land."***

* Inventory Book H, p. 212. (Hackensack, NJ)
**Will dated 12 May 1862 . Will Book H-409 (Hackensack, NJ)
***From copy of original will, courtesy of John A. Sneden, Jr.

Conklin-Sneden HouseOn 23 September 1862, Jacob's sister, Elizabeth Beasley, sold her share of the house and farm of 23 acres, to her son Samuel Beasley.* On 28 October 1862, brother Samuel S. Sneden sold the remaining half of the house and twenty-four acres to Samuel Beasley, his nephew.*

*Deed Book Q5, p 631, 616 (Hackensack, NJ)

In the 1870 Census, Bergen County, Harington Township, Norwood P.O., Cornelia Sneden is listed as head of the household. Living with her are sons Watson, age 23, clerk in store; Leonard, age 21, carpenter; and Wesley J., age 20, at home, as well as Moses Taylor, 33  machinist, and his wife Maria age 33.

The 1876 Harrington Township Map of documents the presence of Mrs. C.A. Sneden at a location between her son Robert Newton Sneden (in the Sneden-Happel House) and John D. Conklin (the Ryker-Mabie- Conklin-Sneden House) and across the road from the Conklin-Sneden House and with the Sneden Ice Pond to the east behind the house site. Another son, Leonard Beasley Sneden, would live with her until 1880.

The 1880 Census for Harrington Township lists Cornelia Sneden, aged 74, as head of household. In the same household is listed Charles Everley, single, white male, aged 19, a laborer. *

*1880 Census, Harrington Township, Bergen Co., NJ, p 30.


       Almost A Nonagenarian
    ENGLEWOOD PRESS, VOL. III, No. 50 Englewood, NJ.
    Saturday, March 6, 1893
    [ Show / Hide ]  

    • NORTHVALE In this busy age of progress, when the trend of thought is ever onward and no one waits for another nor scarcely gives a glance backward toward the receding occurrences in life, the changes from day to day are soon forgotten or become matters of history, and little does the present generation know from living witnesses the scenes and events of eighty or more years ago. Few persons reach the age of four score years and ten, and rarely such there are who retain their faculties to tell an unbroken story from near the beginning of the present century.

    • In a quiet, peaceful home one mile east of Northvale, there resides a genial old lady, now far advanced in years, remarkable for her active and physical powers, who has seen much of life with its manners and customs in the years gone by, and before whom several generations have passed in review.

    • A recent interview with her elicited the following facts in reference to her life. Mrs. Cornelia Ann Rudd Sneden was born in New York City, October 4, 1805, hence is now in the 88th year of her age. Her father, Samuel Rudd, was a graduate of Yale College, and among the old lady's relics the writer saw the diploma from Yale to Mr. Rudd, given one hundred years ago, bearing the names of the faculty, seventeen in all. Under the instruction of Dr. Samuel Mott, a noted Presbyterian divine, Samuel Rudd prepared for the ministry, but subsequently he became a professor of languages in Yale, where he continued several years.

    • In 1798, Prof. Rudd married Cornelia H. Towt, in New York City, Rev. Dr. Rogers officiating. Cornelia Ann Rudd, the subject of this sketch, was their only child, and when she was one year of age her mother died.

    • Her father, in the meantime, owing to delicate health, had relinquished his professional career, engaging in mercantile pursuits in New York City, where he accumulated a considerable fortune; but during the War of 1812, he suffered heavy pecuniary losses. At the early age of three years, Mrs. Sneden remembers living with relatives in Newtown, Long Island, and going to school there. When she was five years of age, her father removed to Norwich, Conn., where they resided several years, during which time the War of 1812 occurred. She well remembers those exciting times, recalls the Battle of Stonington, Conn., and recollects seeing the British troops. When she was fourteen years of age, her father returned to New York City, and placed her in school at the Manhattan Ladies Seminary, corner Greenwich and Vesey Streets, where she graduated.

    • Four years later, in 1823, her father died. At the age of twenty-two Cornelia Ann Rudd was married to Jacob Sneden, a school teacher, residing near Palisades, N.Y., now known as East Northvale.

    • The marriage ceremony was performed by Rev. David Bartine, Sept. 26, 1827, at the residence of Moses Taylor, a noted Methodist, familiarly called "Father Taylor," at whose home she was then visiting. She began her married life at the old Sneden homestead, East Northvale, now in part owned and occupied by Mr. Samuel Beasley, where, with the exception of two years' residence in Brooklyn, she continued to live until the death of husband in 1862, when the farm of three hundred acres was sold, except for forty acres reserved for a home, where Mrs. Sneden now resides with one of her sons.

    • She has been the mother of eight children, six sons and two daughters, all of whom have lived to manhood and womanhood, viz: Elizabeth Rudd, Cornelia Ann, Jacob, Moses Taylor, Robert Newton, Samuel Watson, Leonard Beasley, and John Wesley. The daughters and two sons, Jacob and Samuel W., are dead. The remaining four sons reside in the vicinity of the old home, all having families, and are among the best and most highly respected residents in the town. There are living, twenty-one grand-children, seven great-grand-children, and one great-great-grand-child of the Jacob Sneden family.

    • "Grandmother Sneden," as she is now affectionately called, is a woman of marked intellectual ability, culture and refinement. She has a mind well stored with knowledge, and unusually retentive memory, is a rare conversationalist, and relates in a most entertaining manner many noted events covering a long period of time.

    • Sixty-six years of her life have been passed in the town where she now lives, and during that time great changes have come under her observation. At the time of her marriage, she remembers there was only one school is the vicinity for many miles around, that one being where her husband taught, and located where Capt. John Wilsey, of Palisades, N.Y., now resides. The only church then near her home was the Dutch Reformed Church at Tappantown.

    • Railroads and telegraphic communications were unknown, and transportation to New York was by sloops, from Sneden's Landing on the Hudson, or by rude carriages over rough roads, and often the traveling to the city was done on foot.

    • The country was sparsely settled, with here and there a house between Tappan and Paulus Hook, now Jersey City. In fact, where Jersey City now stands there was then only a wide stretch of meadow for miles along the shore.

    • Mrs. Sneden remembers New York City when Bond Street was about its extreme northern boundary, and the city was supplied with water by means of pumps. A trip from New York to Norwich, in her early days, by packet boats on the Sound, required four days. At Broadway and Chamber streets stood Washington Hall, where the lads and lasses in "ye olden time" were instructed in "tripping the light fantastic toe." The commencement exercises of Columbia College, which she often attended, were held in old Trinity Church.

    • Mrs. Sneden recalls many political and memorable events, the rise and fall of parties, the great financial panics, the changes in trade and commerce, and many of the noted actors, with their deeds as well, during every stage of our country's progress since eighty years ago.

    • She remembers and can name in their order, all the Presidents commencing with the re-election of James Madison in 1812, down to the present date. Her father was a Federalist. She has a vivid recollection of the great

    •  September gale in 1815, when by wind and flood New England and the Atlantic coast suffered the greatest devastation ever known in the history of our country. She saw the effects of the storm at Franklin, Conn., where the whole town was made desolate. At Stonington, Conn., the tide rose seventeen feet higher that usual. Mrs. Sneden calls to mind the memorable visit of General LaFayette in 1824, his enthusiastic reception in New York and throughout the country, and speaks of her family going to the City Hall to greet the General, and the cordial manner in which he received them.

    • She relates with much interest, the incident of the shower of shooting stars, in 1833, when the whole firmament, over the United States, was for three hours in fiery commotion, and many thought that the end of time and the judgment day were at hand. There is scarcely an important event in the history of our country, with which "Grandmother Sneden" is not familiar.

    • She is a great reader of books and papers, and is well informed upon the current events of the day. The Bible is her constant companion. When nineteen years of age, she united with the Presbyterian Church, on Spring Street, in New York City, but, three years later, became a Methodist and has continued as such, sixty-six years being a devout active member of the church, always living a consistent Christian life, the influence of which has ever been a power for good and which will so remain long after she is gone. Time has removed nearly all the old land marks of her youth, wonderful changes have taken place, and now but few of her day and generation remain. So far as known, Mrs. Sneden is the oldest person living in her town. She is a cousin, upon her mother's side, to the late John W. Towt, of Nyack, also of the late Moses Taylor, of New York City, the millionaire banker.

    • Though the snows of nearly four score and ten winters have passed over her head, and the brow once so fair is wrinkled now, "Grandmother Sneden" still lives youthful in spirit, bright in intellect, happy in mind, trusting God, loved and honored by all, while her children and her children's children rise up and call her blessed.

    • March 4, 1893. C. D. G. *

*Transcribed February 7, 2004, by: John A. Sneden, Jr,
Winston-Salem, NC 27104

The 1891 map of Rockland County erroneously shows Mrs. C. Sneden at the Riker-Mabie-Conklin- Sneden House. However, her son, Leonard Beasley Sneden is mistakenly located and shown as L.B. Snedecker. Instead he was living at the time in the Riker-Mabie-Conklin- Sneden House. Ms Cornelia Sneden was still living in her house (Gerardus Riker-Jacob Sneden House) across from the Conklin-Sneden House [misplaced on the 1891 map]. About 1896, she moved next door into the house of another son, Robert Newton Sneden (Sneden-Happle House, 24 Rockleigh), as documented in the account of a fire in the R.N. Sneden house in the summer of 1898:

“When Mr R. N. Sneden’s house was burned a month or so since, his mother, Mrs Jacob Sneden was carried from the second story by Miss Beasley & Miss Sloat. She heard the cries of the men putting ladders against the house, but did not know the reason for all the noise till hurried by the young ladies down the stairs.  – Sat. Oct 9, 1898. W.S.G."*

* W.S. Gilman: Palisades Notes. p. 187.
m/s, Palisades Free Library, Palisades, NY

The following conversation with Cornelia A. Sneden,  age 94, occurred between Winthrop Sargent Gilman of Palisades and Cornelia Sneden on 8 Oct 1898. The interview took place in the house of a third son, Moses Taylor Sneden, with whom she was currently living.

      “I was born in NY City October 4, 1805, and am now 94 years old. My maiden name was Cornelia Ann Rudd, and my father once lived in Norwich, Conn. He studied at Yale College & prepared himself for the ministry, though he never entered it.
     “I was married when 22 years of age & have since my marriage lived in this region....
     “When I came to this neighborhood there was no Methodist Church, meetings being held at 'The Big House' and at 'Uncle Taylor’s Hall', the house often called the Taylor House, where Mr J. J. Ver Velen now lives. Domaine Cole (David J. Cole) called on me & asked if I had my 'certificate', & would join the Tappan Church. I did not do so because Tappan was so far away, but united with the Methodist Church, which was afterwards built to the north of the 'Big House'....
     “My husband, Jacob Sneden, taught school in the old school house about 1827 or later. This building was where the late Capt J. G. Wilsey’s barn now stands....
     “I remember Nicholas Gesner & his wife well. I cannot recollect his attending the Methodist Church, however.“ - Friday, October 8th, 1898. W.S.G.*

* W.S. Gilman: Palisades Notes. p. 180.
m/s, Palisades Free Library, Palisades, NY

Since the Riker-Mabie-Conklin- Sneden House is extent, the house before the Sneden Ice Pond was used by Cornelia Rudd Sneden [C. Sneden House Site] between 1862 and c.1895 and by her son, Leonard B., and daughter- in-law, Kate, between 1880 and 1891. 

"Between the Herman Happel and R. "Newt" Sneden properties, there was a house occupied by the Leonard B. Snedens, prior to their purchasing the Roaring Brook property, which is no longer standing."*

* From the handwritten notes of Newt Sneden, 1974.
Courtesy of John A. Sneden, Jr.

In the 1900 Federal Census or Harrington Township, Cornelia Sneden, age 94, widow, mother of 8 children, 3 now living, was listed as a boarder in the household of son, Moses T. Sneden [Moses Taylor Sneden House].* 

* 1900 Census, Harrington Twp, Bergen Co., NJ, Dist 18, Sheet 10.

At this time, "When she was 94 years of age, she wrote the following letter to Nicholas Haring ("Harry") Sneden.*

Northvale, Feb. 10th, 1899

My dear Harry. 

          It is a long time for a welcome letter to remain unanswered & I should be more prompt but inability to guide the pen prevented me from writing. The Rheumatism has lately been very troublesome. Am anxious to know if you continue well. Hope you  will not get the Grip, it is very prevalent in this vicinity. Hope you will succeed in business and also lay up treasures when moth and rust [can?] not corrupt, no thieves break through or steal, as to myself am as usual sitting in the arm chair writing to Harry. Perhaps he can read it after much persistence. Your Uncle Newton is improving but is far from well. 

          Here comes Dellie with a nice Apple. She is so kind. I should feel very lonesome were it not for her and Ida's kind attentions. Trust she will be abundantly rewarded. It is raining and quite dark. Please excuse this scrawl- my fingers are beginning to ache as usual. Put this in the flames when read it I think for the present cannot remedy it. After wishing you every blessing temporal and spiritual, I will close for the present.

          From your grandmamma with love and sincere desire for your present and future happiness.

Cornelia A. Sneden*

* Provided courtesy of Pat Wardell. 
[Original letter in the possession of 
Dorothy Sneden Sutherland].

About 1905 Henry Happel, a dry goods merchant of New York City, acquired, refurbished and moved into the Newton Sneden House. About 1921, the foundation and portions of the Jacob Sneden House became incorporated into the present Queen Anne style Sneden-Happel House (24 Rockleigh Road). 

Jacob and Cornelia Sneden are buried in the Palisades Cemetery, Palisades, Rockland County, N.Y.

5i.      Elizabeth Rudd Sneden (11 Aug 1828 - 4 Apr 1886), dau of Jacob Sneden & Cornelia Ann Rudd, on 20 Sep 1847 at the Palisades M.E. Church* married Abraham Riker (c.1820 - 1863), son of Jacob & Leah Powles-Riker, and grandson of 2nd John Riker and Margaret Blauvelt-Haring. [see Riker Family] Abraham and Elizabeth lived on the lands of Jacob Riker that spanned Piermont road. After the untimely death of her husband and two of their children, she moved in with her mother. Elizabeth Rudd Sneden-Riker is buried in the Palisades, NY, Cemetery.

* By Rev. Benj. Day. Records of the Palisades M. E. Church. ms in Collection 
of the Palisades Free Library, Palisades, NY

5ii.     Cornelia Ann Sneden (30 Dec 1830 - 29 Aug 1854), dau. of Jacob Sneden & Cornelia Ann Rudd, married 30 Dec 1852 Benjamin Weyant (1826-?), son of John C. Weygandt & Mary Hazard of Highland Mills, Orange Co., NY.  Cornelia Ann is buried in the Palisades, NY, Cemetery. After her death, her son Alfred Francis Weyant (14 Nov 1853* - 23 Dec 1863) resided with his grandmother, Cornelia Rudd-Sneden until he died at age 10. 

*Baptized 10 Apr 1854 by Benj Day. Records of the Palisades M.E. Church.
m/s, Palisades Free Library, Palisades, NY

5iii.    Jacob Sneden Jr. (27 Jun 1833-1891), son of Jacob Sneden & Cornelia Ann Rudd, married (>1850) Mary J. Garrabrant. They resided in Paterson, NJ.

Jacob, Jr & Mary had nine children:
    i. Cornelia (1860-?) m. 1883 in Paterson, NJ, Frank Boyle
[Child: Blanche B. Boyle];
   ii. Arminda "Minnie", (1863- May 1947, Laurel Grove Cem., Totowa, NJ) m. John Holland
[Child: Hazel Holland (1889->1967)];
  iii. Ida (1868 - Nov 1941, Laurel Grove Cem., Totowa, NJ);
  iv. Ella (1869-dy);
   v. Elizabeth (c.1872- pre 1966) m. Mr Lewin
[Child: Ruth Lewin (?->1967)];
  vi. Charles (Feb 1873- May 1967, Laurel Grove Cem., Totowa, NJ) m. Maria "Mary" Wohlrab (7 Aug 1876 - 1948, Laurel Grove Cem., Totowa, NJ) of Paterson, NJ, no children; and
 vii. George (c.1876-?).

5iv.    Moses Taylor Sneden (14 Oct 1835 - ?), son of Jacob Sneden & Cornelia Ann Rudd, machinist, married in July 1859 a neighbor, Maria Haring (1838 - 1 May 1887*), daughter of Nicholas J. Haring & Elizabeth "Eliza" Haring. [see Haring Family] Moses Taylor Sneden built a dwelling  (Moses Taylor Sneden House) in 1860 on Closter Publick Road just north of his wife's father's homestead (John A. Haring House).

Children of Moses Taylor Sneden & Maria Haring include:
    i. Ida (21 Apr 1860 - 7 Jan 1864, Palisades, NY, Cemetery),
   ii. Delphine "Dellie"   (1863-1948),
  iii. Bertha "Bertie"  (17 Jan 1870 - 5 Jun 1895, Palisades, NY, Cemetery),
  iv. Nicholas Haring "Harry" (1874-?). 

*Maria Ferdon Journal - Part 1, Bergen County Historical Society.

6ii.    Delphine "Dellie" Sneden (Jul 1863-1948, Allendale, NJ), daughter of Moses Taylor Sneden & Maria Haring, married on 21 Feb 1884* John Henry Durie/Duryea (12 May 1859 - 7 Jun 1886*) of Closter, son of Ralph Durie & Ann Eliza Demarest.

Children of Delphine Sneden & John Duryea include:
    i. Ida May Durie (May 1885** -?) m. James Edward Webb, 
[child: John Durie Webb], and
   ii. Bertrum Durie (May 1895**-?)

*Maria Ferdon Journal - Part 1, Bergen County Historical Society.
** 1900 Census, Harrington Township, Bergen Co., NJ, Sheet 18-10.

6vi.     Nicholas Haring "Harry" Sneden (20 Jul 1873 - ?), son of Moses Taylor Sneden & Maria Haring, m. c.1904 Sophia "Sarah" Frances Cummings (18 Sep 1869-?), dau. of James Cummings & Mary Barbara Neer, and moved to Hillsdale, NJ.

Children include:
    i. Grace (May 1900-?),
   ii. Ruth (c.1905-?)

The 1880 US Census lists James Cummings (head, 47, blacksmith, bNH/fbNH/mbMA), Mary  (wife, 49, keeping house,  bNY, fbNY, mbNY), Jennie I (daughter, 18, at home, bNY, fbNH, mbNY), Sarah F. (daughter, 10, bNJ, fbMA, mbNY, none) plus three male boarders.*

  * 1880 Census, Washington Twp, Bergen Co., NJ, Dist. 18, p 12  (image 12)

The 1900 US census lists James Cummings (head, b Jan 1833, 67, m1 42, bMA/fbNH/mbNH, blacksmith), Mary (wife, b Mar 1830, 70, m1 42, bNY, fbNY, mbNY, none), Sarah F. [Cummings] Sneden (daughter, b Sep 1869, 30, m1 1, bNJ, fbMA, mbNY, none), Nicholas H. Sneden (son-in-law, b Jul 1872, 27, m1 1, bNJ, fbNJ, mbNJ, Train dispatcher), Grace (daughter, May 1900, 2/12, bNJ, fbNJ, mbNJ, none) *

  * 1900 Census, Hillsdale, Bergen Co., NJ, Dist 21, Sheet 1A. (image 11)

The 1910 U.S. Census lists James Cummings (head, 78 [c.1833], m1 53, bMA/fbNH/mbNH, ?), Mary B(arbara Neer) (wife, 80 [c.1832], m1 53, bNY, fbNY, mbNY, none), Nicholas H. Sneden (son-in-law, 38, m1 11, bNJ, fbNJ, mbNJ, Operator in Broker office), Sarah F. [Cummings] Sneden (daughter, 39, m1 11, bNJ, fbMA, mbNY, none), Grace (daughter, 10, bNJ, fbNJ, mbNJ, none), Ruth (daughter, 5, bNJ, fbNJ, mbNJ, none).*

  * 1910 Census, Hillsdale, Bergen Co., NJ, ED Dist 26, Sheet 6A. (image 11)

The 1920 U.S. Census lists Nicholas Sneden (head, 45, Operator, Banking House), Sophia (wife, 43), Grace (daughter, 19), Ruth (daughter, 15).*

  * 1920 Census, Hillsdale, Bergen Co., NJ, Dist 6/52, Sheet 13A.

5v.     Robert Newton Sneden, Sr. (6 Sep 1840 - 23 Dec 1899)*, son of Jacob Sneden & Cornelia Ann Rudd, married on 20 Jan 1869* Catherine "Kate" Jane Terhune (23 Oct 1847 -  4 Dec 1914, Bergenfield)* dau. of Albert A. Terhune & Sarah Christie of Bergenfield. 

Robert Newton Sneden & Kate Terhune had six children:
    i. Albert "Allen" Terhune (1869*-1940),
   ii. Percy (1872*-?),
  iii. Sarah Rudd (6 Jan 1875 - 21 Oct 1877) ,
  iv. Harvey Towt (Jun 1878*-?),
   v. Robert Newton II (Jan 1881*-1975), and
  vi. Christie (9 Nov 1866* - 30 Dec 1866).

After her husband died in 1899,  Kate Terhune-Sneden lived with son and daughter-in-law, Percy and Elise, in Bergenfield. Robert Sr and Catherine are buried in Old South Church Cemetery, Bergenfield, NJ.*

* From Family Bible of Albert T & Sophie Dobbs-Sneden 
Courtesy of Janet Knox Fredrick

             Robert Newton Sneden, Sr                       Catherine Jane Terhune Sneden

"The pair of photos are in a hinged double-frame and belonged my grandfather Robert Newton Jr. I remember they always sat on his bedside table;  and eventually got passed on down to me...."John A. Sneden, 1 May 2003

Circa 1890-94 photo courtesy of John Aitken Sneden

Initially, R. Newton and Catherine lived Englewood where he was listed in the 1870 census as House Painter. Within a year or two, he was living in Palisades, NY, where Percy was born. Within the next few years, R. Newton, Sr., and his family built a house on Sneden land just north of his mother's house. Robert N. is listed with his family in the 1880 Harrington Township census. The precise location of the house is documented on the 1876 Erskene Harrington Township map (Newton Sneden) as well as the 1891 Beers Rockland County map (N. Sneden). When the house burned in the summer of 1898, R. Newton moved with his wife to Bergenfield where he died the year following.  Apparently, Harvie and Robert N, III, remained in Rockland, NJ, and it appears that Kate returned.  The 1900 Harrington Township census continues to list Catherine Sneden (Head, 52), Harvie (Son, 22, book keeper) and Robert N. (Son, 19, book keeper). Just after the turn of the Century, the property and remains of the Robert Newton Sneden house were sold to Henry Happel.* 


Four Sneden Generations

"I was pleased to see Cornelia Ann Rudd Sneden's birth date. 
It agrees with the date she gave W.S. Gilman in 1898.  The writing on the back of the picture says:
'Taken October 14th 1896:
Albert Terhune Sneden, 26 years, 10 Mo., 21 days;
Cornelia Ann Sneden, 91 years, 0 Mo., 10 days;
Robert Newton Sneden, 56 years, 1 Mo., 8 days;
Ethel Evelyn Sneden, 7 mo., 12 days.
Wed, 05 Feb 2003  J. Fredrick."*

* Photo courtesy of John Fredrick, grandson of Ethel Evelyn Sneden
[1896 Photograph likely taken by Harvey Conklin]

6i.   Albert "Allen" Terhune Sneden (23 Nov 1869- 10 Mar 1940, Florida*) druggist, son of R. Newton Sneden & Catherine Terhune, m. 20 Feb 1895* Evelyn Sophie Dobbs (21 Jan 1877 - 26 April 1950, Closter, NJ)* dau. Richard Amos Dobbs (10 Feb 1851 -10 Aug 1907)* & Anna Eliza Whipfall (4 Dec 1853 - 29 Dec 1926)* and great granddaughter of Amos Dobbs who began the Dobbs family on the west side of the Hudson. Sophie played the organ at the Palisades Presbyterian Church. Albert built a home on County Road in Closter just before 1900.** In the 1930 federal census, he is listed as banker.**

Children of Albert Terhune Sneden & Evelyn Sophie Dobbs include:
    i. Helen Alberta (11 Mar 1902 - 28 Sep 1985, Closter, NJ)*** and
   ii. Ethel Evelyn

"I remember hearing from my mother, that during a very cold winter, when the Hudson River froze over, my Grandfather, Albert, drove across the river in a car. That had to be before 1932" -Mon, 3 February, 2003. J.K.F.***

* From Family Bible of Albert T. & Sophie Dobbs-Sneden 
Courtesy of Janet Knox Fredrick 
** 1930 Census, Closter, Bergen County, NJ. Dist 2-23, Sheet 4-B.
*** Janet Knox Fredrick: Personal Communication

7ii.     Ethel Evelyn Sneden (2 Mar 1896 - 1 May 1974, Westwood, NJ*), daughter of Albert Terhune Sneden & Sophie Dobbs, m. on 20 April 1921* John Thomas Knox (1898,  Jersey City, NJ - 25 Dec 1983, Ventura, CA)*. John built a home on County Road in Closter, across from Evelyn's parents, and lived there all their life.

Ethel Sneden & John Tohmas Knox had one daughter, Janet Knox, who married Edward Walter Fredrick, Jr. of Ventura, CA, and moved to California where they started a family of two sons and a daughter.*

* Janet Knox Fredrick: Personal Communication  

6ii.  Percy Sneden (31 Aug 1872*, Palisades, NY - 20 Jan 1960, VA Hosp., W. Orange, NJ), son of R. Newton Sneden & Catherine Terhune, m. 27 Jul 1904* Elsie Aitkin (11 Oct 1880 - 5 Jul 1960, Leonia, NJ) daughter of John E. Aitken & Sarah Jane Leach of New York and sister of Ann Janette Aitkin who married Robert, Percy's younger brother. Percy and Elsie settled in Englewood, NJ. In the 102- census, he is listed as a House Carpenter.** Percy and Elsie are buried in the Old South Church Cemetery, Bergenfield.

Children of Percy Sneden & Elise Aitkin include:
    i. Edith (1906-?),
   ii. Albert T. (1908-?),
  iii. Catherine J. (1911-?),
  iv. Harold (1916-).**

* From Bible of Albert T & Sophie Dobbs-Sneden 
Courtesy of Janet Knox Fredrick
** 1930 Census, Closter, Bergen County, NJ. Dist. 25, Sheet 8-A.

6iv.  Harvey Towt Sneden (26 Jun 1878* - ?), bookkeeper, son of R. Newton Sneden & Catherine Terhune, in 1901 m. Martha "Mattie" Lydecker Durie (1877 -?). Harvey built a home next to his brother, Albert T., on County Road in Closter. In the 1930 federal census, he is listed as an Insurance Cashier.**

Children of Harvey Towt Sneden & Martha Durie include:
    i. Martha Lucille.*
   ii. another child died young

* Janet Knox Fredrick: Personal Communication  
** 1930 Census, Closter, Bergen County, NJ. 2-23, Sheet 4B.

7i.     Martha Lucille Sneden (?-?), daughter of Harvey Towt Sneden & Martha Durier, m. Mr. Thomas.

They had three children:
    i. Harvey Thomas,
   ii. Bruce Thomas, and
  iii. poss. Robert Thomas.*

* Janet Knox Fredrick: Personal Communication  

6v.   Robert Newton Sneden, Jr. (1 Jan 1881, Rockland, NJ  - 5 May 1975, Dumont, NJ)*, bookkeeper, son of R. Newton Sneden & Catherine Terhune,  married on 19 Jun 1904 in Bergenfield, Ann Janette "Nettie" Aitken (15 May 1883, New City, NY - 17 Oct 1962, Dumont, NJ)* daughter of John E. Aitken & Sarah Jane Leach and sister of Elsie Aitkin who married Percy, Robert's older brother. Robert Jr and Nettie lived in Bergenfield, NJ, and are buried in the Old South Church Cemetery there.

Robert Newton Sneden & Ann Aitkin had two sons:
    i. Robert Newton "Newt" (1907-1975), and
   ii. John Aitken (1908-1992).*

* From Cornelia A. Sneden Bible in possession of John A. Sneden, Jr.

7i.  Robert Newton "Newt" Sneden III (20 Jun 1907, Bergenfield - 27 Feb 1975, Roaring Brook Farm in Rockleigh*), son of R. Newton Sneden, Sr & Ann Aitken, married Elmira Weaver (18 Sep 1907, Harrisberg, PA - 18 Nov 1995, Bridgewater, NJ)*. They originally settled in Harworth, NJ. They had no surviving children.

  Ryker-Mabie-Conklin-Sneden HouseIn 1946, Robert acquired the Ryker-Mabie- Conklin-Sneden House from Catherine Sneden. Both are buried in the Old South Church Cemetery, Bergenfield, NJ.* In 1988 the Ryker-Mabie- Conklin-Sneden House was sold out of the family. 

* From Cornelia A. Sneden Bible in possession of John A. Sneden, Jr.

Robert Newton Sneden 

Robert Newton Sneden, died on 27 February 1975 at the age of sixty seven. He was born in Bergenfield and lived in Rockleigh since 1946. 
     Newton was founder and president of Valley Savings and Loan Association from 1952 until his retirement in 1972. He was a past president of the Bergen County Savings League, and a past president of the Bergenfield Rotary Club. Mr. Sneden was an active member of Old South Presbyterian Church, Bergenfield, where he served on all three church boards and was president of the board of trustees.
     Surviving are his wife, the former Elmira Weaver, and a brother, John A. Sneden of Tenafly.*

* Provided courtesy of Janet Knox Fredrick

7ii.    John Aitken Sneden (8 Jul 1908, Bergenfield - 29 Aug 1992, Tenafly*), son of R. Newton Sneden, Sr & Ann Aitken, married 9 Jun 1934 in Tenafly Jean Mackey (9 May 1911, Brooklyn, NY - 19 Feb 1996, Foxhill Village, MA)* daughter of William Dorsey Mackey and Charlotte French. John built a home in Tenafly. Both are buried in Brookside Cemetery, Englewood. NJ.

John Aitken Sneden & Jean Mackey had three children:
    i. John Aitken Sneden, Jr.,
   ii. Sally Jane Sneden, and
  iii. William Robert Sneden.

* From Cornelia A. Sneden Bible in possession of John A. Sneden, Jr.

5vi.    Samuel Watson Sneden (14 Oct 1843 - 28 Jan 1892, pneumonia, Jersey City, NJ, i. Palisades, NY, Cem.), son of Jacob Sneden & Cornelia Ann Rudd, married Sarah Margaret (1849-1879). In 1886, Samuel W. is shown living at 47 Chestnut Street, Jersey City, NJ. In 1888, he was living with his son, Samuel W., Jr., at 34 Hoboken Ave, Jersey City, where he died in 1892.

5vii.   Leonard "Len" Beasley Sneden (6 Jul 1846[1/2] - 1944[3]), son of Jacob Sneden & Cornelia Ann Rudd, carpenter, married on 15 Sept 1881 in the Closter Reformed Church[4] Catherine (Kathrin) "Kate" Evans (Feb 1857, Ireland -1946, Rockleigh, NJ)[3] of Englewood, NJ. Kate emegrated to the US in 1871. Between 1881 and 1891, Len and Kate lived in Cornelia Rudd-Sneden's house in front of the ice pond.

An only child died young: Anna Evelyn Sneden (b. 8 Feb 1889 - 5 Apr 1890)[5], and there may have been two other children who died in infancy.

Ryker-Mabie-Conklin-Sneden House In 1891 Len and Kate Sneden acquired the adjacent Riker-Mabie- Conklin- Sneden House (Roaring Brook Farm) from John C. Leonard. Leonard and Kate resided at Roaring Brook Farm until they died in 1944 and 1946, respectively. Leonard, Catherine and Anna are buried in the Palisades (NY) Cemetery. 

The 1910 US census lists Leonard B. Sneden (head, 63, carpenter), Catherine (wife, 53), and Mary [Marietta] Sneden (niece, 24, at home). 

"Uncle Len (Leonard Sneden) who lived at Roaring Brook died at the age of 98. They used to get after him for walking to the town of Closter and I do believe that he was almost 100 then. Someone would see him along the road and then pick him up.... We were up there visiting often."Wed, 29 January 2003. J.K.F.[5]

[1] From Cornelia A. Sneden Bible in possession of John A. Sneden, Jr.
 Also: Baptized 27 Dec 1846 by Rev Benj Day  at home of Jacob Sneden.
Records Palisades ME Church. m/s Palisades Free Library, Palisades, NY
[2] Baptized 27 Dec 1846 by Rev. F. Lummis at Palisades ME Methodist Church,
ME Church Records, Palisades Free Library, Palisades, NY
[3] Tombstone in Palisades (NY) Cemetery
[4] Marriage Certificate, 15 Sept 1881, Reformed Church, Closter, NJ.
[5] Janet Knox Fredrick: Personal Communication

5viii.  John Wesley Sneden (24 Nov 1848*-?), son of Jacob Sneden & Cornelia Ann Rudd, married c.1875 Catherine Ann Smith (1856-?), dau of ? Smith & Sarah Scott (1819-?). Wesley and Catherine Sneden lived "just up the road".

Wesley Sneden & Catherine Ann Smith had four children including:
    i. William "Willie" Rudd (1876-?) m. Pauline Klink
[Children: Annie; Rudd II m. Grace Hilton, Ferryman; Joe m. Miriam Hill],
   ii. Smith H. (1878-?),
  iii. Marietta "Mamie" (1886 - c.1980s). 

* Baptized 10 Apr 1854, age 5, by Rev Benj. Day at Palisades M.E. Church
Records of the Palisades M. E. Church. m/s, Palisades Free Library, Palisades, NY

The 1880 census*, lists Wesley Sneden (30, farmer), Catherine (28, keeping house), William R. (4, son), Smith H. (2, son) and Sarah Scott Smith (61, mother-in-law). The house seems to be located on the former Phebe Ann Sneden-Moore property, Wesley's aunt,  just to the south of the Lewis Conklin property and to the north of the Robert Newton Sneden property.

* 1880 Federal census, Harrington Twp, Bergen Co, NJ, Page 30, Dist 4. 

6iii.    Marietta "Mamie" Sneden (c.1886-c.1980s), daughter of John Wesley Sneden & Catherine Smith. Marietta was the first Borough Clerk of Rockleigh, serving from 1923-1930. Marietta did not marry. She lived with several cats in a tiny wooden cottage located along the path behind Rockleigh Borough Hall, marked by a cellar hole and, across the path, a well from which a brook springs that courses westerly to meet that draining the Sneden Ice Pond.

"When the only child of uncle Len and Aunt Kate Sneden, died their niece, Mamie, [who lived just up the road] went to live with them in Roaring Brook and stayed there... until Aunt Kate died in 1946 and Uncle Newt took over the place." Sunday, February 2, 2003. J.A.S, Jr.*

 *John A. Sneden, Jr.: Personal Communication

4ii.   Elizabeth Sneden  (10 Oct 1798*-?, Rockland Cem, Sparkill, NY), dau. of 2nd Samuel Sneden & Elizabeth Conklin,  married in 18 Dec 1816 (DRC, Tappan)  Leonard (Baisley, Beasley) Baysley (c.1796 - 3 Jun 1843) of Long Island.

Leonard Beasley & Elizabeth Sneden had the following children:
    i. poss. Elizabeth Beasley (c.1822-?), likely adopted daughter of Leonard's late brother, Abraham,
   ii Sarah Ann Beasley (1820-?),
  iii. Leonard Beasley  (1823-?),
  iv. Jacob S. Beasley (1826-?), and
   v. Samuel Beasley (1831-1911) who in 1862 would purchase the Conklin-Sneden farmstead.  [see Beasley Family]

After Leonard's death, Elizabeth and her younger children resided in the Willsey/Bolting House (just north of g-uncle Nicholas Gesner) on Closter Road in Palisades, NY.

In the 1850 census, Orangetown, Rockland Co, NY, Elizabeth (age 52) is listed as head of household (Wd) with her son Samuel Beasley (19).

* From Family Bible of R. Newton and Catherine Sneden 
Courtesy of John Knox Fredrick

Elizabeth married secondly after 1850 to Daniel Duryea/Durie (5 Nov 1804-?) of Orangetown and removed to Brooklyn, NY.  In 1858, Elizabeth was described as a widow residing in Brooklyn. However, Elizabeth is buried in Rockland Cemetery, Sparkill, NY.

4iii.   Samuel S. (A.) Sneden (15 Dec 1800* - 18 Jun 1877), son of 2nd Samuel Sneden & Elizabeth Conklin, married at Nyack on 10 Apr 1822 Maria Onderdonk (11 Jun 1804, Piermont, NY - ?), daughter of Garrett Onderdonk & Hannah Felter of Piermont, NY. 

* From Family Bible of R. Newton and Catherine Sneden 
Courtesy of John Knox Fredrick
** Genealogy of Nicholas Gesner, Copy of Samuel S. Sneden.
(m/s, undated, in possession of Stephen Austin)

Children of Samuel S. Sneden & Maria Onderdonk include:
    i. Julia Ann "Juliann"  (3 Oct 1823 -?), m. 3 Sep 1847 Jacob Freeman;
   ii. Samuel (5 Sep 1825 -?), Wheelright,  m. 18 Oct 1849 in Paramus, NJ, Mary McDonald (May 1829, NJ - 8 Aug 1905, Hackensack, NJ) , NJ;
  iii. Mary Louisa (23 Jul 1827-?) m. 28 Mar 1848* Jacob Conklin (lineage unknown);
  iv. Garrett H. (1828 - c.1905);
   v. Liddia (14 Feb 1831 -?) m. Peter Parcells,
  vi. Leonard Beasley (4 Mar 1832 -30 Aug 1907, Maple Grove Park Cem.) m. 23 Mar 1855 in Hackensack, NJ, Mary Catherine Banta (24 Jun 1835 - ?);
 vii. Isaac Stur (14 Jul 1835 -?), farmer;
viii. Sarah Jane (23 Apr 1837-?) m. 2 Sep 1854** at Palisades M.E. Church William Simonds of Harrington Twp, NJ;
  ix. William Windsor (29 Jun 1843-?);
   x. Robert (17 Sep 1846- 22/23 May 1923) m. (poss) Mary Francis Kipp; and
  xi. Jacob (10 Jan 1849 -21 Oct 1901, Massachusetts).***

* Married 20 Mar 1848 by Rev. Benj. Day.
Records Palisades ME Church. m/s Palisades Free Library, Palisades, NY
Married 2 Sep 1854 by Rev. Wm Chamberlin.
Records Palisades ME Church. m/s Palisades Free Library, Palisades, NY

Conklin-Sneden HouseOn 22 September 1848, Samuel S. and Elizabeth Sneden-Beasley, each received from their parents one half of the old Conklin-Sneden homestead on the west side of Snedens Landing Road. They would each own half of the Conklin-Sneden House house. It appears that Samuel S. and his wife, Maria Onderdonk, lived in the Conklin-Sneden House during the period 1827-1858.*

*Reginald McMahon: "A History of the Jacob Conklin House, Rockleigh, NJ" 1977
m/s Bergen County Historical Society, River Edge, NJ.

The 1840 census, Harrington Twp, Bergen Co, NJ, lists Samuel (S) Sneden (40) as head of household: two males (5-10), one male 10-15, 1 male 30-40 (Samuel S.), 1 female under 5, one female 5-10, one female 10-15, one female 30-40 (Maria).

The 1850 census Harrington Twp, Bergen Co, NJ, lists Samuel S. Sneden (50), his wife Maria (46), and surviving children Garret (21, carpenter), Leonard (18, blacksmith), Lidia (19), Isaac S (16, farmer), Sarah J. (13), William W. (7), Robert (4), and Jacob (1). That census also shows Samuel living on Sneden Landing Road between the farms of Jacob D. Haring and Jacob Riker, and a few houses south of his brother, Jacob.

In 1858, Samuel S. Sneden moved his family to Jersey City, NJ. In 1874, Samuel S., a carpenter, is shown in the as residing at 183 Pavonia Ave,  Jersey City, NJ. Sons Garrett (carpenter), Samuel, Isaac ('62-laborer, '64-dock builder, '85-machinist, '68-engineer), William and Jacob are also listed between 1862-1893 living close by in Jersey City, NJ, and associated with the shipbuilding trades.*

* Jersey City, NJ, Directory (1862-1897)

5iii.     Garrett H. Sneden (8 Oct 1828 - c.1904), son of Samuel S. Sneden & Maria Onderdonk, carpenter, wed on 2 Apr 1855 Margaret "Mary" Ann Van Blarcom (c.1830 -?), dau. of Henry Van Blarcom (1800-?) & Margaretha Zabriskie (1799-?). Circa 1861, Garrett enlisted  in the 158th NY Volunteer Infantry Regiment as a private. By 1870-1873, Garret is shown living at 192 Pavonia Ave, Jersey City. NJ.

Children of Garret Sneden & Mary Van Blarcom include:
    i. William Augustus (1855 - 30 Apr 1927), machinist, fitter, m. Mary Louisa Terhune (14 Mar 1858, NYC - 6 Nov 1936, Jersey City) dau. of James Brinkerhoff Terhune & Mary E. Brown [Children: i. Clarice E. (1881-1927) m. Harold Steinle, ii. William A. (1884-1929) m. Anna Burke, iii. Ethyl Margaret (1884-1929) m. William Arthur Austin]
   ii. Louise/Elouise (1865-?),
  iii. Charles (1868-?),
  iv. Arthur (1870-?).*

* Courtesy of Steven Austin, descendent of Ethyl Sneden

4iv.     Phebe Ann Sneden (1 May 1804* - <1863), dau of 2nd Samuel Sneden & Elizabeth Conklin,  married on 22 Oct 1828 (RDC, Tappan) John L. K. Moore (c.1805-<1863) of Tappan. 

Van Wickel - Moore HouseJohn Moore built or remodeled a house up the hill on Snedens Landing Road (36 Rockleigh Road), the  Jacob Moore House (1810-1823 ).

Phebe Ann Sneden & John Moore had two children:
    i. Jacob Moore (c. 1830-?),
   ii. Samuel Moore (1843-?).

At the time of the 1880 Federal Census, the family eas living in Rockland, Harrington Township, NJ.  [see Moore Family

* From Family Bible of R. Newton and Catherine Sneden 
Courtesy of John Knox Fredrick

3 iii.    Maria/Mary "Polly" Sneden (1784, N.S.-?), daughter of Samuel Sneden, Sr & Mary,  m. 24 Sep 1802 at RDC Tappan, NY, John Myers/Meyers (? - bef. 1810) of New York.

Children of Polly Sneden & John Meyers include:
    i. poss. daughter
   ii. Samuel Myers (?-?).

The 1810 census of Orangetown lists (at the same location as that of her mother, Mary Sneden, in the 1800 census) a Mary Myers with one male under 10 (poss. Samuel Myers), one female under 10 (poss. daughter, Myers), one female 16-25 (unknown), and another female age 26-44 (poss. Polly, age 26). Notably absent is a male of suitable age to be Polly's spouse.*

* 1810 US Census: New York, Rockland, Orangetown.  p. 637 (Image 174)

1iv.      Samuel Sneden (c.1715 in Flushing, NY - Dec 1783 in NYC), son of Robert Snedden & Sarah -?-, m. Sarah Ward of Ward's Island family. Lived in Eastchester where he was prominent in local affairs and a strong loyalist. Samuel was an attorney and is listed as witness on hundreds of deeds and wills that he drew up and executed.

Children of Samuel Sneden & Sarah Ward include:
    i. Robert  (c.1742-?)
   ii. Stephen (1743-1814), and
  iii. poss. Lawrence ().*

* Courtesy of Pat Wardell

2i.         Robert Sneden (c.1742-?) m. Margaret --?--. Child: Samuel Sneeden

3.i         Samuel Sneeden (c.1765 - 23 Sep 1799, NYC), cartman, son of Robert Sneden & Sarah Ward, m. 5 Aug 1887 Jacoba Skaats (bp. 15 Nov 1767- c.9 May 1834 in NYC), dau. of Reynier/Rinier Schaats & Elsje Schuyler both of NYC. Samuel Sneeden is listed frequently in the records as Cartman on the lower East Side. On 13 May 1788, Samuel Sneden was appointed to Hook & Ladder Company No. 1 in New York City.

 Children of Samuel Sneeden & Jacoba Skaats include:

    i. Bartholomew Skaats Sneeden (b 30 May 1788),
   ii. Elsie Schuyler Sneeden (b. 17 Jun 1789),
  iii. Robert (b 1790), 
  iv. Jane Sneeden (b 1792),
   v. Jacob Sneeden (b 1794),
  vi. Samuel (b. 1796),
 vii. twin Rynier (b. 1798),
viii. twin Mary (b. 1798), and
  ix. Rachel (b 1800).


2ii.          Stephen Sneden (4 Apr 1743, Eastchester, NY - 12 Jan 1814, Clements, NS) bondsman, son of Samuel & Sarah, m. in Eastchester, NY, on 31 Oct 1763 Margaret Townsend (dau. of John Townsend & Anne Gedney of Eastchester, NY), Capt. in Loyalist South Battalion of Westchester Co. In 1776 Stephen & Margaret removed to New York City with their five young children and then in 1784 to Annapolis Co, NS,* where he settled in Clements, NS, as progenitor of the Nova Scotia Snedens.

Children of Steven Sneden & Margaret Townsend include:
    i. Lawrence (1768, NY- 10 Jan 1823, Annapolis Co, NS) m. in 1800 Elizabeth Armory [
Son: John Anthony m. Anne Knox, whose unmarried son was Civil War mapmaker and artist John Knox Sneden (1832, NS -1918, Soldiers Home, Bath, NY)]**;
   ii. Anna (1774, NY - 21 Sep 1855, Annapolis Co, NS) m. in 1792 James Thorn;
  iii. John Townsend (1785, NS-?) who m. on 11 Apr 1815 wid. Margaret Robinson.

* Memorial, of Annapolis, 8 Feb. 1786 Halifax.
Alice M. Haagensen: "Palisades & Snedens Landing", p. 211.
Pilgrimage Publishing, Tarrytown, NY 1986.

Snedens Landing c.1858. Earliest painting of Robert Knox Sneden

Opposite Dobbs Ferry, Hudson River, NY, 1858. By
Robert Knox Sneden
New York Historical Society.


1.  Alice Munro Haagensen: "Palisades and Snedens Landing, From the Beginning of History to the Turn of the Twentiewth Century", page 218. Pilgrimage Publishing, Tarrytown, NY, 1986. 

2.  Reginald McMahon: "A History of the Jacob Conklin House, Rockleigh, NJ" 1977. m/s Bergen County Historical Society, River Edge, NJ.

Written and compiled by E. W. April, 2002
Updated, 200